Official name:Democratic and Popular Republic of Algeria Type of government:Presidential Head of State:Abdelaziz Bouteflika
Area: 2,380,000 km2 Capital:Algiers Main cities:Algiers, Oran, Annaba, Bejaia, Constantine. Official Languages:Arabic (Tamazight a national language) Currency:Dinar / average annual exchange rate: 74.39 per 1 USD National Day:November 1
Population: 38.5 million inhabitants (2013) Density: 11.4 h / km ² Population growth: 1.21% Life expectancy: 73 Literacy rate: 77.9% Urban development: 98% Religion: Sunni Islam
GDP: $ 183.4 billion GDP per capita (2011): $ 5,000 Real growth rate: 2.1% Inflation rate: 5.4% Major Clients: USA, Italy, France Major suppliers: France, China, Italy, Germany
Sources: Algerian authorities and IMF
Southern Mediterranean countrie in the north of Africa and central Maghreb, Algeria with a territory of 2,381,741 km2 is the first African country by area and the tenth of the world. Bordered on the north by the Mediterranean sea with almost 1,300 km of coastline, Morocco and Western Sahara to the west, Mauritania, Mali and Niger to the south and Libya and Tunisia east. The terrain includes two major mountain ranges, the Tell Atlas and the Saharan Atlas, which form the natural boundaries between the three main regions of Algeria. North, at the foot of the Tell Atlas are the coastal plains.
Between the two mountain ranges are the Highlands, semi-arid plains with continental climate. South, the Sahara covers 2 million km2 and is one of the largest deserts in the world. It covers 85% of the area of Algeria and consists of dunes, ergs, oases and mountains with the culmination of Algeria, Hugger Mount in 3000 meters.
Algeria offers a wide range of climate. with distance from the sea, warmer and drier. The rainfall increases from west to east and is concentrated between September and May. The coastal area north enjoys a Mediterranean climate with mild winters and long hot summer, tempered by sea breezes. the interior has a continental climate, while in the south, the climate is with large diurnal variations, extreme drought and occasional torrential rains. The temperatures of the coastal zone varies between 5 and 15 ° C in winter and 25 to 35 ° C in summer, while in the south temperatures can reach 50 ° C.